Using someone else's personal details in order to steal money or gain other benefits by pretending to be that person.
Tax credit passed on to shareholders who receive partially or fully franked dividends. The tax credit is in consideration of the tax the company has paid on its profits before passing those profits on to shareholders.
Call (put) option or warrant with an exercise price below (above) the current market price of the underlying asset.
Income producing asset
Any asset that generates an income. For example, dividends are paid on shares, investment properties generate rental income, bonds and bank accounts produce interest.
Income protection insurance
Provides you with an income if you can't work because of illness or injury. Most policies offer cover for up to 75% of gross wages for a specified number of years.
An agreement between the external administrator and a third party to cover some or all of the fees and other debts incurred by the external administrator
A statistical measure of change in the value of a market, asset class or industry sector. The value of an index increases or decreases with changes in the value of the underlying security or sector it's measuring. For example, the ASX All Ordinaries Index measures the change in the overall value of 500 largest companies by market capitalisation listed on the Australian Securities Exchange.
A measure of a change in value for a group of assets.
Where a trader tries to profit from pricing discrepancies, between an index based derivative a related index product or the shares comprising the index.
A managed fund with a portfolio constructed to match or track the return before fees of a particular market index, such as the ASX 200 or the ASX Small Ordinaries Index.
Futures contract which has as its underlying asset an index, typically a share price index.
European call option over a share price index with a 1 point strike price.
Options over a share price index. Index options are European style and cash settled on exercise.
Warrants over a share price index. Index warrants are European style and cash settled on exercise.
A superannuation fund that originally catered to workers from a particular employment industry or industrial award. Most are now open to the general public. They are usually low cost, have limited investment options and return profits to members.
A classification used to group companies that are related in terms of their primary business activities. Major industry sectors include consumer discretionary, consumer staples, energy, financials, healthcare, industrials, information technology, metals and mining, telecommunications and utilities.
The increase in the cost of goods and services over time.
Managed investment that invests in infrastructure assets, such as transport, telecommunications, materials handling and utilities.
Minimum deposit determined by the Clearing House on all futures contracts and exchange traded options and exchange traded CFDs. This margin must be paid by the Clearing Participant to the Clearing House. The client must pay the Clearing Participant.
Initial public offering (IPO)
When a company lists on a stock exchange and offers shares to the public for purchase. Also known as a float.
The trading of financial products while in possession of information, or having received information, that is not generally available to the public. Penalties include heavy fines and imprisonment.
Unable to pay all debts when they fall due for payment
A financial product issued by banks and other financial institutions that lets investors buy shares (or other securities) over a period of time, making an initial payment and paying the balance later. A form of leverage as it involves borrowing to invest, and investors are charged interest and fees on the outstanding amount but get the benefits of owning the whole investment, such as receiving dividends.
An insurance bond is a long term investment offered by insurance companies and friendly societies where investors' money is pooled and invested according to the investment option chosen. There are tax advantages for higher income earners if the investment is held for at least 10 years and certain conditions are met.
A written legal agreement that sets out what is being insured and for how much.
Money charged by an insurance company for coverage.
An asset with no identifiable physical form (e.g. a contractual right, copyrights, patents and goodwill)
Payment for the use of money over time. You earn interest by lending your money. If you borrow money, interest is the amount you pay to borrow the money.
interest (as in business interest in another business entity)
ATO term - Majority or effective ownership of a business entity within an economic group.
Ratio showing the number of times interest payments are covered by earnings before interest and tax (EBIT). The higher the interest cover, the greater the company's ability to meet interest payments. Interest Cover = Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) / Net Interest Payments = number of times covered.
The relationship between the amount of money borrowed or lent and the money paid in return for the use of that money. Usually expressed as a percentage per year.
Interest rate security
Security that pays a fixed or floating rate of return. The issuer usually promises to pay a specified rate of interest per annum over the life of the security and to repay the principal at maturity.
Allows you to buy goods or services now and pay for them later. You don't have to pay interest for a set period. You are usually required to make regular repayments during the interest-free period. Any money outstanding at the end of the interest-free period will incur interest, often at a very high rate.
Interest-free period on credit cards
The days where you don't have to pay interest on your credit card purchases. Interest-free periods usually start on the first day of your billing cycle, not when you make a purchase.
When a dividend is paid more than once a year, dividends other than the final one are called interim dividends. Typically, dividends are paid twice a year, one interim and one final dividend.
International transaction fee
A fee that may be charged by credit card providers for purchases, cash advances or transactions that are made with overseas-based merchants or financial institutions, or with Australian-based merchants who process payments overseas.
Dying without leaving a will
Difference between the current market price of the underlying asset and the exercise price of the option or warrant, but not less than zero. For warrants, the conversion ratio needs to be taken into account.
An asset bought with the aim of producing an income and/or an increase in value over time.
A long term investment offered by insurance companies and friendly societies where investors' money is pooled and invested according to the investment option chosen. There are tax advantages for higher income earners if the investment is held for at least 10 years and certain conditions are met.
Individual or organisation responsible for investing and managing the assets of others. See also fund manager or responsible entity.
An administrative system for your investments. Platforms offer a range of investments and services, all in the one place. Reporting for all investments is usually in the one report.
Date by which an Issuer must have entered Financial Products into holders' uncertificated holdings. Generally would result from corporate actions such as dividend reinvestment plans, rights issues, share buy backs, share purchase plans and initial public offerings (IPOs).
Value of securities allotted in a company to its shareholders and debt holders.
Shares of a company that have been allotted to shareholders.
A legal entity that creates, registers and sells securities in order to raise money to finance its operations. Issuers include domestic or foreign governments, companies and investment trusts.
Issuer sponsored sub-register
Register of shares managed by the listed entity itself for the registration of shares in their company alone.